SOCIETY OF SAN DIEGO
FEBRUARY 2017 MEETING
North Park Senior Center, 2719 Howard Ave., San Diego
6:00 p.m., Doors Open at About 5:30 p.m.
Topic This Month:
SPAIN & LATIN AMERICA
Gary Beals – Numismatics of Spain and Spanish America
Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 2,200 years ago, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Span or Spania. In the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and later by the Moors. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the eight centuries-long reconquest, or Reconquista from the Moors in 1492. In the early modern period, Spain became one of history's first global colonial empires. The Colonial expansion under the crown of Castile was initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and developed by its administrators and missionaries. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Catholic faith through indigenous conversions. Generally, the major collecting areas of Latin American Numismatics are: Pre-Columbian or Pre-Hispanic, Colonial, Wars of Independence, Revolutionary Periods and Modern. The colonial period began in 1492 and was dominated by Spanish and Portuguese influences. Following the model of the U.S. and French revolutions and conflicts, most of Latin America achieved independence by 1825. For the next several decades there was a long process to create a sense of nationality. Most people were engaged in subsistence agriculture and the export of natural resources provided the basis of most Latin American economies in the nineteenth century. In a literal definition, which remains faithful to the original usage, Latin America designates all of those countries and territories in the Americas where a Romance language (i.e., languages derived from Latin, and hence the name of the region) is spoken: Spanish, Portuguese, and French, and the creole languages based upon these. Although French-influenced areas of the Americas would include Quebec, this region is hardly ever considered part of Latin America, since its history is too closely intertwined with Canada. What material would you like to share with our members? You’re encouraged to bring any material to show. To view our special guest speaker and his topic click here. In the interest of time we will forgo the raffle. Invite a friend.
Schedule of Upcoming Numismatic Events
16-19 February – Long Beach Collectible Show – Long Beach Convention Center
11–12 March – Buena Park Coin Show – 8550 Stanton Ave., Buena Park
Show Schedule Source: CoinZip & The California Numismatist
March – Middle East April – Island Countries
May – India & South Asia June – Mediterranean States
FEBRUARY QUIZ by Bob Fritsch
We had had a pretty mild winter until the groundhog did not see its shadow. Since then we have gotten about 2 feet of snow with another foot+ coming today. Enough already! This is terrible weather you guys are sending my way.
This month sees one of our favorite topics, Latin America and Spain. Since both the mother country and the colonies are included, this quiz will center around the activities of about 200 years ago. Give the year when these ex-colonies started issuing regular (not countermarked) coinage in their own name. I used the 19th Century SCWC, 8th Edition.
6. El Salvador
10. Costa Rica